Effect of Ceramics Wastes on the Mechanical Properties of Porous Concrete

Babatunde Adegoke Obende1, Paschal Chimeremeze Chiadighikaobi1, *, Qais Abdulrahman Ali Qais2, Stephen Kayode Aderomose1
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6 Miklukho - Maklaya Street, Moscow 117198, Russian Federation



This study examined the impacts of leftover ceramic tiles in porous concrete to determine whether ceramic tile was a suitable aggregate for making concrete. This drives the purpose of this research which is to identify the effect of the possible use of waste-broken tiles in solid state and the powdered state on the properties of the porous concrete and how the combination of both crushed tiles as coarse aggregate and fine aggregate could effectively work in the hardened porous concrete.


Without regard for potential reuse or recycling, the amount of ceramic tile in Nigeria has been rising. Due to the limited amount of land, the risk to public health is increased. Finding new landfill-free disposal methods can help to address the rising issue. Continuous reliance on traditional resources for concrete is also causing a shortage of those materials, which raises the cost of construction.


The physical properties of the crushed waste ceramic tiles and the mechanical characteristics of the concrete with ceramic tile aggregate were examined to meet the goal of this study. And to compare the results of the concrete made with ceramic tiles and those made with regular aggregate.


To achieve the objectives of this research, a series of laboratory experimental procedures were conducted then numerical calculations were done to derive some properties of the aggregates used in the concrete mix. Broken, trash, and abandoned tiles are the source of waste ceramic tiles. Both fine and coarse natural aggregates were completely replaced. A total of 60 cubes were made and evaluated for compressive strength (fc) at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days using a nominal mix ratio of 1:2:4 and a water-cement ratio of 0.55.


From the series of experiments, it was discovered that the strength of the porous concrete decreased with the increase in the number of ceramic tiles. The results showed that at 28 days the fc was 20.14N/mm2 with 0% ceramic tile coarse aggregate and 14.30N/mm2 at 20% ceramic tile coarse aggregate.


This research concludes that the control sample has higher strength and durability than ceramic tiles and recommends that ceramic tile can be used as an alternative construction material for fine and coarse aggregate. With the addition and increase in the percentage of ceramic tile coarse aggregate, the compressive strength of the concrete decreases. Ceramics tiles in concrete reduced the weight of the porous concrete when compared to the concrete bearing crushed granite.


Though the strength of the porous concrete decreased with the increase in the ceramic tiles, the sustainability aspect of this research must not be overlooked as the concrete is suitable and the use of waste ceramics tiles has a great positive effect on the environment.

Keywords: Ceramics waste, Porous concrete, Lightweight concrete, Compressive strength, Ceramics tiles, Sustainable concrete.

Abstract Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2023
Volume: 17
DOI: 10.2174/18741495-v17-e230714-2023-26

Article History:

Electronic publication date: 14/07/2023
Collection year: 2023

© 2023 Obende et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Civil Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria; E-mail: chiadighikaobi.paschalc@abuad.edu.ng