Compressive Strength of Chipped Rubber Aggregate Concrete: A Review

Galina Erikovna Okolnikova1, Lina Abass Saad1, Mukhriddin Madumarov2, Fouad Adnan Noman Abdullah Al-shaibani2, Paschal Chimeremeze Chiadighikaobi3, *, Kayode Stephen Aderomose3
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6 Miklukho - Maklaya Street, Moscow 117198, Russian Federation
2 Department of Mechanics and Control Processes, Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6 Miklukho- Maklaya Street, Moscow 117198, Russian Federation
3 Department of Civil Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

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© 2023 Okolnikova et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Civil Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria; E-mail:


Concrete is a widely used material for construction; therefore, it is necessary to identify materials that are economical, environmentally friendly, easily available, and prevent environmental damage while sourcing the materials, hence this is the aim of this study. The current study’s objective is to have a comprehensive study on the previous research identifying the effects of chipped rubber as concrete coarse aggregate and the compressive strength (ƒc) of the concrete and to identify areas of relevance for better sustainability to reduce the rate of waste rubber and degradation of the environment. To achieve the objectives of this study, a review of previous research works was conducted and analyzed. A comprehensive study on the ƒc of chipped rubber coarse aggregate concrete (RCAC) was studied by reviewing previous research. The addition of chipped rubber in concrete to a specific ratio can enhance or reduce the concrete ƒc. But a reduction in the rubber concrete’s ƒc can be seen when the rubber content ratio exceeded 20%. When the chipped tyre rubber is treated with coupling agents, an increase in the concrete ƒc can be seen. The use of chipped rubber in concrete production reduces environmental degradation and proves as a step toward the sustainable development goal (SDG). Chipped RCAC mixtures are weaker than regular concrete mixtures. RCAC, on the other hand, is more ductile and has a better energy dissipation pattern. The ƒc of concrete was found to be affected by substituting concrete aggregates with rubber.

Keywords: Concrete strength, Compressive strength, Rubber coarse aggregate concrete, Ductility, Sustainability of rubber concrete, Sustainable development goal.