Bed Load Erosion Patterns and Their Effect on the Structural Strength of Rigid Pipes Made of Homogeneous Materials
Hillel Rubin*, 1, Dmitry Tokarev1, Eran Rubin2, Holger Schuttrumpf3
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2013
First Page: 32
Last Page: 49
Publisher Id: TOCIEJ-7-32
Article History:Received Date: 7/2/2013
Revision Received Date: 5/4/2013
Acceptance Date: 8/4/2013
Electronic publication date: 17/5/2013
Collection year: 2013
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This manuscript concerns the decrease of the structural strength of rigid pipes made of homogeneous materials due to bed load erosion, caused by different concentrations of hard solid particles transported by the sanitary sewage, or surface runoff. Such a phenomenon has been observed in combined sanitary systems (CSS), as well as in force mains delivering domestic sewage due to the penetration of hard solid particles into the sanitary sewerage system. Field observations have indicated that the low concentrations of solid particles transported with the sewage lead to the formation of a groove at the pipe invert. Experiments carried out in this study have shown that the width of the groove mainly depends on the concentration of the solid particles. Numerical simulations have indicated that bed load erosion resulting from very low concentrations of solid small particles may be more detrimental to the structural strength of the pipe than higher concentration of such particles.