Chezy’s Resistance Coefficient in a Circular Conduit
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2015
First Page: 187
Last Page: 195
Publisher Id: TOCIEJ-9-187
Article History:Received Date: 12/12/2014
Revision Received Date: 17/3/2015
Acceptance Date: 21/3/2015
Electronic publication date: 24/4/2015
Collection year: 2015
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In the literature, there is no explicit method for calculating the resistance coefficient of Chezy, especially for a circular conduit. Existing relationships are either implicit or do not take into account all parameters influencing the flow such as kinematic viscosity or the slope of the conduit. In many practical cases, one affects arbitrarily a constant value for Chezy’s coefficient. It is a physically unjustified approach, because Chezy’s coefficient varies with flow parameters, especially the filling rate of the conduit and the absolute roughness. In this paper, simple and explicit relationships are presented for the calculation of Chezy’s resistance coefficient in a circular conduit. These relationships have been established based on the rough model method. The Chezy’s resistance coefficient is expressed in terms of known hydraulic parameters of the flow in a referential rough model. For fast calculation of Chezy’s coefficient, the simplified method is the most appropriate since it requires only four parameters which are the discharge, the absolute roughness, the slope and the kinematic viscosity. The study also shows that the Chezy’s resistance coefficient reaches a maximum whose expression is well defined. Some examples are presented showing how to calculate Chezy's coefficient in a circular conduit with a minimum practical data.