RESEARCH ARTICLE


Theoretical Method of Strain Rate for RC Beam with Flexible Supports Under Blast Loading



Wanxiang Chena, b, Meng Jiang*, a, Zhikun Guoa, Wenguang Liangc
1 State Key Laboratory of Disaster Prevention & Mitigation of Explosion & Impact, PLA University of Science and Technology, China
2 State Key Laboratory for GeoMechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Tech-nology, China
3 College of Business Administration, South China University of Technology, China


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Creative Commons License
© 2015 Chen et al ;

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at theState Key Laboratory of Dis-aster Prevention & Mitigation of Explosion & Impact, PLA University of Science and Technology, China; Tel: +86−13913893169; E-mail: cwx_0806@sohu.com


Abstract

Strain rate is a vital factor for the design of a RC (Reinforced Concrete) member under blast loading. At present, it is not scientific and cut down the believability to assume the strain rate is a constant or to take the loading rate instead of the strain rate. In this paper, an analytical model of RC beams with flexible supports is presented, in which the elasticity, damping, and lumped mass of flexible support are taken into account. Theoretical method of strain rate for RC beam with flexible supports under blast loading is developed based on Euler-Bernoulli beams. It is indicated that the maximal values of strain rate are increased as the blast impulses and the overpressures increased, but the loading rates have not obvious influences on the strain rates. The maximal values and the vibration frequencies of strain rate are increased as support stiffness increased. The maximal values of strain rate are decreased as support damping increased, and the attenuation values of strain rate are accelerated. Calculations show that it will result in an overestimation of DIF (Dynamic Increase Factor) to take the loading rate instead of the strain rate.

Keywords: Blast loading, dynamic response, flexible supports, reinforced concrete beam, strain rate.