Seismic Performance of Steel Moment Frames Containing Concentric Bracing Equipped with Shape Memory Alloys

Hamed Jabbari1, Reza Vahdani1, *, Mohsen Gerami1, Hossein Naderpour1
1 Department of Earthquake Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Jabbari et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Earthquake Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran; Tel: +989128108122; Email:



A building’s stability is a critical design element that structural engineers must understand. Utilization of Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) in steel structures can significantly diminish seismic residual deformations, which will facilitate postseismic retrofitting.


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the seismic behavior of 7-story and 15-story steel frames with a moment frame system having a chevron concentric brace equipped with Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs). Braces containing various amount of alloy (including 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100%) were applied to study the effect of SMAs on structural performance. Relatively persistent displacement of the structure as well as its relative maximum displacement under the earthquake imposing on frame models, were investigated using non-linear dynamic analysis by OpenSees finite element software. The earthquakes were in near- fault nine accelerographs, which involved various maximum accelerations.


Results indicated a reduction in relatively persistent displacement using 20% SMAs in braces. Additionally, more amount of alloy resulted in less relative displacement as compared to steel braces.


Applying SMAs brace showed a reduction in persistent structural displacement in any type of frame. Furthermore, adding more than 20% SMAs to the brace, resulted in a decrease in structural displacement.

Keywords: Shape memory alloys, Seismic performance, Steel moment frames, Dynamic analysis, Persistent displacement, Concentric bracing.