Determination of Damage Constitutive Behavior for Rock Salt Under Uniaxial Compression Condition with Acoustic Emission

Chen Jie, Zhang Junwei*, 1, 2, Ren Song1, Li Lin1, Yin Liming1
1 State Key Laboratory of Coal Mine Disaster Dynamics and Controls, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
2 Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, The Chinese Academy of Science, Wuhan, Hubei 430071, China

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© 2015 Jie et al;

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the State Key Laboratory of Coal Mine Disaster Dynamics and Controls, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China; Tel: +86-15823308237; Fax: +86-023-65105605; E-mail:


The mechanical characteristics of rock salt have an important influence on the safety of the salt cavity. The acoustic emission (AE) technique was used to analyze the generation of microcracks in rock salt under uniaxial compression condition. By monitoring acoustic emission in whole process of stress - strain curve under uniaxial compression test, the damage characteristic of rock salt is obtained. The AE rate-strain curve is able to reflect the damage development process with better consistency evident with the cracks generating. The failure form of rock salt is mainly the shear failure under condition of low loading strain rate. After shear failure, a lot of small crushed particles spread on the surface of the failure surface. A damage constitutive model of rock salt is determined on the basis of acoustic emission characteristics, which could reflect the strength and deformation characteristics before the peak strength.

Keywords: Acoustic emission, damage constitutive model, rock salt, uniaxial compression.